Different Crime Types in Western Cape Province: Principal Component Analysis

  • Kyei KA University of Venda, Limpopo Province
  • Tshisikhawe TH University of Venda, Limpopo Province
  • Dube LM University of Venda, Limpopo Province


South Africa has a very high crime rate compared to most countries. Crime affects the society, business and psychology of the people. It compels people to move out or come into a particular area. It is most prevalent in the urban areas where poverty gap is conspicuous. Western Cape and Gauteng Provinces are the best developed provinces in the country and therefore have higher crime levels. But the question is: what types of crime are prevalent in the Western Cape Province? And what are the major causes of these crimes? The purpose of this paper is to identify the different types of crimes committed in the Western Cape Province which are prominent. Principal Component analysis (PCA) has been use in this study to gauge the patterns of crime and the distinct important factors affecting the level of crime. Secondary data from a website have been used in the analysis. The results show that violence and vehicle thefts are the most committed crimes in the province. The areas where crime occurs most frequently are Bellville, Cape Town Central, Gugulethu, Harare, Khayelisha, Mitchells Plain, Nyanga and Parow. Firearms have been identified as major means for committing crime. The paper recommends that attempts be made by the provincial government to clamp down unlicensed fire arm holders/dealers. Amnesty should be granted to encourage holders of unlicensed fire arms to surrender without punishment and the public should report to the police all those dealing in unlicensed firearms in order to root out crime in the province.


Download data is not yet available.


Anderson, T. W. (2013). An Introduction to Multivariate Statistical Analysis. Thompson McGraw-Hill, Inc. NY.
Bello, Y., Batsari, Y. U. & Charanchi, A. U. (2014): Principal Component Analysis of Crime Victimizations in
Katsina Senatorial Zone. International Journal of Science and Technology, 2(1).
Brown K. V. (2001). The determinants of crime in South Africa. S Afr. Journal of Econs., 69, 269–299.
Carey, G. (1998). Multivariate Analysis of Crime of Variance (MANOVA) I. Theory.
(http://ibgwww.colorado.edu/ - Carey) (Retrieved January 8, 2015).
Centre for the Study of Violence and Reconciliation (CSVR). (2008). Adding insult to injury: How exclusion
and inequality drive South Africa’s problem of Violence, Johannesburg: CSVR.
Centre for the Study of Violence and Reconciliation (CSVR). (2009). Why does South Africa have such high
rates of violent crime? Johannesburg: CSVR .
Clarke, R. V. (1997). Introduction. In RV Clarke (ed.): Situational Crime Prevention: Successful Case Studies.
Guiderland, NY: Harrison and Heston.
Clarke, R. V. & Homel, R. (1997). Revised Classification of Situational Crime Prevention. In S. P. Lab (ed.):
Crime Prevention at a Crossroads. Cincinnati, OH: Anderson.
Crime Stats Simplified. (2013). Available at http://www.crimestatssa.com/CrimeStats.php. (Retrieved on
January 10, 2015).
Crime affecting Business in South Africa. (2011). Available at http://www.bancrime.com/articles/crimeaffecting-
business-in-south-africa. (Retrieved December 10, 2014).
Demombynes, G. & Özler, B. (2005). Crime and local inequality in South Africa. Journal of Development
Economics, 76(4), 265-292.
Factsheet: SA's 2012/13 crime statistics (2013):
(Retrieved December 8, 2014).
Fajnzylber, P., Lederman, D. & Loayza, N. (2002). What causes violent Crime? European Economic Review, 46,
Grimm, L. G. & Yarnold, D. (1995). Reading and Understanding Multivariate Statistics. Washington D.C.:
American Psychological Association.
Hair, J. F. Jr., Anderson, R. F., Tatham, R. L. & Black, W. C. (1995). Multivariate Data Analysis. Englewood CliffN3
Prentice Hall, Inc.
Hardle, W. & Simar, L. (2007). Applied Multivariate Statistical Analysis, Springer Berlin Heidelberg. Pp. 289-
Homel, R. (2005). Developmental crime prevention. In Nick Tilley (Ed.), Handbook of crime prevention and
community safety (pp. 71-106).Cullumpton, Devon, UK: Willan Publishing.
Johnson, R. & Wichern, D. (2007). Applied Multivariate Statistical Analysis. Prentice Hall Upper Saddle River,
Johnson, R. & Wichern, D. (2014). Applied Multivariate Statistical Analysis. Pearson Education Limited,
Morrison, D. F. (2005). Multivariate Statistical Methods; (Fourth Edition), Brooks/Cole, a division of Thomson
Learning, Inc.
O’Donovan, M. (2011). Crime, poverty and inequality in South Africa: What the data shows. In C. Gould (ed.)
National; and international perspectives on crime and policing: Towards a coherent strategy for
crime reduction in South Africa beyond 2010. Pretoria Institute for Security Studies: 26-33.
Schlossman, S., Zellman, G., Shavelson, R. & Cobb, J. (1984). Delinquency prevention in South Chicago: a fifty
year assessment of the Chicago Area Project, Santa Monica, Calif.: Rand.
Statistics South Africa (Stats SA). (2008). Income and Expenditure of households 2005/2006. Unit record,
Pretoria: Statistics South Africa.
Statistics South Africa (Stats SA). (2011). Available at http://www.beta2.statssa.gov.za and
http://www.statssa.gov.za/crime (Retrieved on December 12, 2013).
Statistics South Africa (Stats SA). (2013). Methodological Report on the development of the poverty lines for
statistical reporting. Technical report DO 300. Pretoria: Statistics South Africa.
Stevens, J. P. (2002). Applied Multivariate Statistics for the Social Sciences, Fourth Edition. Mahwah, New
Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.
Warne, R. T. (2014). A primer on multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) for behavioral scientists.
Available at (http://www.pareonline.net/getvn.asp. (Retrieved December 10, 2014).
Williams, K. & Gedeon, R. (2004). A Multivariate Statistical Analysis of Crime Rate in US Cities.
http://scholar.google.co.za/scholar. (Retrieved December 10, 2014).
How to Cite
KA, Kyei; TH, Tshisikhawe; LM, Dube. Different Crime Types in Western Cape Province: Principal Component Analysis. Journal of Economics and Behavioral Studies, [S.l.], v. 8, n. 5, p. 18-26, oct. 2016. ISSN 2220-6140. Available at: <http://ifrnd.org/journal/index.php/jebs/article/view/1428>. Date accessed: 26 feb. 2017.
Research Paper