Organisational Capabilities and Replicating Successful Programs Designed to Empower Poor Youths: A Correlational Study
This article reports on the investigated relationship between the organisational capabilities of youth-serving non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and the replication of successful programmes designed to empower poor youths in Nigeria. The data used in this study were obtained from 187 youthserving NGOs in Nigeria registered with the Nigeria Network of Non-Governmental Organisations, the Conference of Non-Governmental Organisations (Edo State chapter), the Civil Society for HIV/AIDS in Nigeria (Edo State chapter) and the National Youth Council of Nigeria (Edo State chapter). Pearson’s correlation r was used to examine the relationship between the research variables and a positive relationship was found between the organisational capabilities of youth-serving NGOs and the replication of successful programmes designed to empower poor youths. In addition, regression analysis was used to determine the organisational capabilities of youth-serving NGOs that predicted the replication of successful programmes designed to empower poor youths in Nigeria, and it was found that adequate staffing, alliance-building, lobbying, replication and stimulating market forces significantly predicted the replication of successful programmes designed to empower poor youths in Nigeria. The study therefore recommends that appropriate measures be put in place by managers of youth-serving NGOs to ensure that the main predictors of the replication. Of successful programmes designed to empower poor youths are adequate to aid successfully in the replication of successful programmes designed to empower poor youths in Nigeria while also giving adequate attention to other organisational capabilities contained in the SCALERS model.
Bloom, P. N. & Chatterji, A. K. (2009). Scaling social entrepreneurship impact. California Management Review, 53, 114–133. Bloom, P. N. & Smith, B. R. (2010). Identifying the drivers of social entrepreneurial impact: Theoretical development and an exploratory empirical test of SCALERS. Journal of Social Entrepreneurship, 1(1), 126–145. Cohen, L., Manion, L. & Morrison, K. (2013). Research methods in education. London: Routledge. Collis, D. J. (1994). Research note: How valuable are organisational capabilities? Strategic Management Journal, 15(S1), 143–152. Curtain, R. (2003). Youth in extreme poverty: Dimensions and country responses. In Expert Meeting on Global Priorities for Youth. Edewor, P. A. (2014). Homeless children and youths in Lagos, Nigeria: Their characteristics, street life and sexual behaviour. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, 5(1), 537–545. Elliott, A. C. & Woodward, W. A. (2007). Statistical analysis quick reference guidebook with SPSS examples. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Eneji, C. V. O., Obim, E., Otu, J. E. & Ogli, S. O. (2013). Non-governmental organisation’s agricultural micro credit facilities and farmer’s household income in Benue State, Nigeria. International Journal of Management Sciences, 1(11), 427–435. Igbinakhase, I. (2017). Investigating Nigerian non-governmental organizations’ capabilities to replicate successful youth poverty alleviation innovation programmes (Unpublished doctoral thesis). University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban. Inan, G. G. & Bititci, U. S. (2015). Understanding organisational capabilities and dynamic capabilities in the context of microenterprises: A research agenda. Procedia - Social and Behavioural Sciences, 210, 310– 319. Isiugo-Abanihe, U. C., Olajide, R., Nwokocha, E. E., Fayehun, F., Okunola, R. A. & Akingbade, R. (2015). Adolescent sexuality and life skills education in Nigeria: To what extent have out-of-school adolescents been reached? African Journal of Reproductive Health, 19(1), 101–111. Iwuchukwu, J. C., Nwankwo, O. J. & Igbokwe, E. M. (2014). Providers and beneficiaries view of the contributions of state-level non-governmental organisations (NGO) to rural community development in Anambra State, Nigeria. Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development, 6(1), 21–27. Kasali, T. A., Ahmad, S. A. & Ean, L. H. (2015). Does microfinance operation have effect on poverty alleviation in Nigeria? European Journal of Contemporary Economics and Management, 2(2), 54–69. Kim, Y. (2011). The unveiled power of NGOs: How NGOs influence states’ foreign policy behaviours (Unpublished PhD dissertation). University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA. Lau, T. M., Man, T. W. Y. & Chow, I. (2004). Organisational capabilities and performance of SMEs in dynamic and stable environments. The International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation, 5(4), 221– 229. López-Cabarcos, M. A., Göttling-Oliveira-Monteiro, S. & Vázquez-Rodríguez, P. (2015). Organisational capabilities and profitability. SAGE Open, 5(4), 1–13. Mac-Ikemenjima, D. (2005). E-education in Nigeria: Challenges and prospects. Paper delivered at the 8th UN ICT Task Force Meeting, Dublin. Martelo, S., Barroso, C. & Cepeda, G. (2013). The use of organisational capabilities to increase customer value. Journal of Business Research, 66(10), 1–9. Momoh, G. T., Oluwasanu, M. M., Oduola, O. L., Delano, G. E. & Ladipo, O. A. (2015). Outcome of a reproductive health advocacy mentoring intervention for staff of selected non-governmental organisations in Nigeria. BMC Health Services Research, 15(314), 1–9. Mulgan, G. (2006). The process of social innovation. Innovations, 1(2), 145–162. Nwogu, V. I. (2014). Anti-trafficking interventions in Nigeria and the principal-agent aid model. Antitrafficking Review, 3, 41–63. Odukoya, D., Busari, T. & Ateh-Abang, M. A. (2006). Contributions of non-formal education to HIV preventive education in Nigeria: Case study and inventory of NGO practices. Education Research Network for West and Central Africa. Ohize, E. & Adamu, M. J. (2009). Case study of youth empowerment scheme of Niger State, Nigeria in poverty alleviation. AU Journal of Technology, 13(1), 47–52. Okafor, F. C. N. (2012). The zest for migration and national development in Nigeria: Bridging the gap between illusion and reality. Treatise and Document Journal of Ethics Studies, (68), 72–87.
Omofonmwan, S. I. & Odia, L. O. (2009). The role of non-governmental organisations in community development: Focus on Edo State-Nigeria. Anthropologist, 11(4), 247–254. Onuoha, F. C. (2014). Why do youth join Boko Haram? The United States Institute of Peace special report no. 348. Oshadare, A. A., Ige, T. P. & Lawal, C. O. (2015). E-learning through information and communication technology: A suitable methodology for adult education in Nigeria. Knowledge Review, 33(3), 1–8. Oyelude, A. A. & Bamigbola, A. A. (2013). Women empowerment through access to information. The strategic roles of non-governmental organisations in Nigeria. US-China Education Review, 3(2), 103–115. Pallant, J. (2007). SPSS survival manual: A step by step guide to data analysis using SPSS for windows (3rd ed.). Sydney: McGraw-Hill. Patrick, J. M. & Ijah, C. N. (2012). Adult and non-formal education programmes of nongovernmental organisations for poverty alleviation in Nigeria: What can be learnt from the practice. Journal of Education and Practice, 3(11), 1–6. Samuels, F., Blake, C. & Akinrimisi, B. (2012). HIV vulnerabilities and the potential for strengthening social protection responses in the context of HIV in Nigeria. London: ODI. Schmitt, N. (1996). Uses and abuses of coefficient alpha. Psychological Assessment, 8(4), 350–353. Sekaran, U. (2003). Research methods for business: A skill building approach (4th ed.). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley. Tchouakeu, L. M. N., Maldonado, E., Zhao, K., Robinson, H., Maitland, C. & Tapia, A. (2011). Exploring barriers to coordination between humanitarian NGOs: A comparative case study of two NGO’s information technology coordination bodies. International Journal of Information Systems and Social Change, 2(2), 1–25. Van Oppen, C. & Brugman, L. (2009). Organisational capabilities as the key to sustainable innovation. Zehir, C. & Acar, A. Z. (2006). Organisational capabilities and its impacts on business performance. In The Proceedings of the 2nd International Strategic Management Conference (pp. 163–171). Kocaeli: Gebze Institute of Technology.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Author (s) should affirm that the material has not been published previously. It has not been submitted and it is not under consideration by any other journal. At the same time author (s) need to execute a publication permission agreement to assume the responsibility of the submitted content and any omissions and errors therein. After submission of revised paper in the light of suggestions of the reviewers editorial team at IFRD edits and formats manuscripts to bring uniformity and standardization in published material.
This work will be licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) and under condition of the license, users are free to read, copy, remix, transform, redistribute, download, print, search or link to the full texts of articles and even build upon their work as long as they credit the author for the original work. Moreover, as per journal policy author (s) hold and retain copyrights without any restrictions.